Architecture is a constantly changing movement, and different influences affect how architects design their world. The modern era has seem a sudden change from the formal, glass-like structures of office blocks and tower buildings towards a cityscape with more flowing lines and an appearance which matches other buildings in the area. With greater understanding of how people function in particular buildings, modern architectural styles are turning to new ideas to build the properties of the future. There are several innovations which could change the way that residents work and play, including robotized parking facilities and new office layouts.
Finding space to park in a crowded city is not easy, and architects have been trying to invent new ways to park for a few decades now. With the advent of automated technology, and the ability to build car parks at ever higher levels, one architectural feature which is coming to prominence is robotic parking. This is essentially an automated program that will park and remove cars from a parking lot without the need for any human intervention. The driver simply places the car onto a floor-level pallet, and then allows the robotic system to move the car into their allocated space. When the driver returns to the parking lot, the robotic system simply extracts the car. All of this will take about 90 seconds.
Systems of car parking
There are several different methods which can be used when parking the cars. The most common are rack systems and pallet systems. This allows the car to be transferred to a high floor of the parking lot without requiring human intervention. The use of control systems allows the computer to move the car using sensors, video capture and cameras to monitor vehicles. Automatic parking will offer a 27% saving on building footprints, compared to the standard multi-story.
In further space-saving efforts, architects have been working with psychologists and experts in human behavior to try to work out the movements of office workers when they are in high-rise buildings. Architectural design is now moving away from the traditional designs of buildings, and towards pathway mapping. This can help designers to create buildings that flow more effectively, and may also help to significantly reduce the footprint of office buildings. Maximizing intersection combinations can help architects to create more efficient, energy-saving office buildings for the future.
The USA has an architectural history filled with a range of styles, from the Pre-Columbian styles to Colonial, Federal and Frontier styles, before heading into the Gilded Age of gothic design. Many amazing houses were built during each of these architectural periods, and modern hoses also reflect on those past styles by incorporating some elements into their own builds. If you are interested in architecture, then knowing a little bit more about its history can give you a better understanding of how cities have developed over time.
The first architectural style in America is known as ‘pre-Columbian. This style includes buildings such as Cliff Palace, in Colorado. The Pueblo of the Four Corners also made large structures and public buildings until the 14th century. Other structures include traditional long houses and hogans which are still familiar to this day, and can be included in modern American architectural styles.
Once Europeans landed in America, they began a style of house-building known as colonial. These houses are typically wood or brick based, and may include Spanish architecture in Florida and the South West, or English Influences. Typical examples of the latter style include small windows, plainly-built walls and large chimneys. One common instance of this style is the Saltbox style. In the latter Colonial period, houses were built in the popular Georgian style, with larger windows, red bricks and white window frames, and often with slated roofs. This style is sometimes called ‘plantation’, since it was popular in the South.
It was only after the War of Independence that architectural styles in America moved away from European traditions. Most houses of this period are built as elongated rectangles (against the colonial Saltbox shape), and also feature curved lines and an emphasis upon decorative details. They also placed an emphasis upon oval or circular openings. Interiors focus upon large windows with bright interiors and high ceilings, and neo-classical features.
Frontier or Vernacular
A popular building style in the West of America is the Vernacular or Frontier style. This features rustic materials such as wood, stone and brocks. Sod Houses are a common feature of plains areas where there are no available trees. Most houses of this type date to the mid-nineteenth century.
Revival and Gilded Age
As America became a wealthy nation, architectural styles focused upon that wealth. Many homes are constructed according to classical lines, in a style known as revivalism. Gothic Revival homes can be jaw-droppingly complex. Later Victorian architecture includes the building of skyscrapers, and aspirational buildings.